Here are some mini excavator safety tips you should reading when putting the equipment to work.
Excavator Safety Tips: Before Operation
- Seat belts are provided for comfort and security.
- Before working, be sure the mirrors are clean and set properly.
- Quick check the controls. Be sure the control levers are operating properly.
- Check the propel system to prevent accidents on the job.
Excavator Safety Tips: During Operation
- Never permit riders in the excavator bucket, cab, or anywhere else on the machine. Excavators only have one seat, which is meant for the operator.
- Never attempt to operate the excavator unless you are sitting in the seat and in full control.
- Reduce the excavator’s speed when working on rough terrain or within congested areas.
- Carry the bucket low to the ground during transport. This will increase visibility and machine stability.
- When moving the excavator around the job site, select a route that is as flat as possible.
- Steer the machine as straight as possible and only make small gradual changes in direction when turning is needed.
- Travel directly up slopes vertically instead of diagonally.
- When propelling up slopes, the boom and the arm should be extended with the bucket carried low and rolled out. This will allow you to drop the bucket and prevent the equipment from sliding if necessary.
- When propelling down a slope, the bucket bottom should be low and parallel to the ground.
- When using the excavator for trenching, make sure the machine is level by placing dirt underneath the tracks. Being level will make the trench vertical and will help to avoid cave-ins.
- For better stability, work with the propel motors to the rear of the machine.
- Dump spoil piles as far away from the excavation as possible to avoid cave-ins.
- On steep bench cuts, cut enough away from the upper bank to allow for adequate swing clearance when casting downslope.
- Never dig underneath the excavator.
- When backfilling a cave-in, the excavator’s tracks should be at a 90-degree angle to the excavation with the propel motors to the rear of the machine.
- When loading trucks, never swing the excavator bucket or the truck cab. By swinging over the rear of the truck, any loose materials will fall on the ground or in the bed, rather than on the cab.
- Never attempt the clean the excavator’s bucket by striking it on the ground or against another object.
Excavator Safety Tips: After Operation
- When shutting down the unit, be sure it’s parked on a level surface with the bucket attachment lowered to the ground.
- Turn off the auto-idle switch and run the engine at half throttle without load for a few minutes to help cool the turbocharger down.
- Set the RPM to low idle before shutting the engine off with the key switch.
- Don’t forget to lock up the cab when exiting the equipment.
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